The parasite that causes Chagas disease is Trypanosoma cruzi. The main route of transmission in humans is through the triatomine bug. Other routes of transmission include blood transfusion, organ transplantation, and mother-to-child transmission. Symptoms of Chagas disease may include body aches, fever, and swelling of the affected area. If you suspect you may have the condition, seek medical attention immediately.
The main vector of Chagas disease is the triatomine bug, which feeds on the blood of infected animals or humans. The parasite is then passed in the feces by the triatomine bug. This insect is often found in slums, underbrush, and in bushes. Its bites are often so sensitive that it defecates on the infected person.
People with Chagas disease can be at risk for it if they live in an endemic area. Hospitals and clinics regularly screen donors to make sure they are free of T. cruzi. They can also be infected by laboratory accidents. Symptoms of Chagas disease usually occur within a few days or weeks after exposure. Infections can last for months, or even years.
The first phase of Chagas disease is known as the acute phase. This stage is characterized by fever, lymphadenopathy, anemia, and hepatosplenomegaly. A patient with Chagas disease may also exhibit cardiac abnormalities and an ECG with diffuse ST-T changes. The treatment for this stage of infection is based on the symptoms and organ involvement. The second stage is called the chronic phase and lasts for up to 3 months.
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